There are many kinds of personal injuries that you can file a claim for. For instance, if you suffer injuries because you were using a new bicycle that had faulty parts and fell apart when you were riding, then you could file a claim against the manufacturer. The manufacturer would be responsible for making sure the bike was safe before sale, and if a part was faulty, then that should have been caught before you suffered injuries.
Injuries caused by dangerous medications and drugs are similar; if you receive unsafe medications due to manufacturing errors or medical prescription mistakes, then you'd be in a position to file a claim.
One of the most common reasons to file a lawsuit or claim is because of being hit by another driver. There are many kinds of traffic accidents, and any time someone is injured, it has to be reported to police. The medical care you have to receive can then be billed to the person's insurance as long as they're found to be at fault for the crash. If you find that the person wasn't insured, then that's when you have to consider a lawsuit against the individual.
A personal injury caused by a dog bite is something to look out for as well. Stray dogs that escape from their yards can be tired and defensive, and even pets that typically like people can get aggressive if they are ill or feeling moody. Owners of the pets are responsible for any injuries you suffer as a result of the dog attacking, so long as you did not provoke it.
These are just a few personal injuries and situations that could lead to a claim. Yours may vary, but you have every right to look into your legal options.
Source: Enlighten Me, "Top 10 Common Types of Personal Injury," accessed Sep. 07, 2016